Biomedical Lab Sci

Tanatology and Foetopathology1

Tanatologia e Fetopatologia

Course code:68213

Sara Sofia Pereira Alves

Learning outcomes of the curricular unit:
  • Have knowledge about Tanatology (Anatomo-Clinical and Medico-Legal) and Foetopathology
  • Know the real contribution of Patological Anatomy
  • Have competences and ability to co-operate / execute autopsies together with the Pathologist Medical Doctor
  • Know the hygiene and security rules specific to this kind of work
  • Have basic knowledge of legislation
  • Know the appropriate terminology used in Tanatology and Foetopathology
  • Have the ability to analyze and synthesize; to think and to communicate in the scientific world
  • Know and develop the interfaces between Medicine and other Health Sciences related to Tanatology and Foetopathology settings
Syllabus:
  1. Short Historical Review concerning “Death” and “Postmortem Studies”
  2. Anatomo-Pathological Autopsy
  3. Medico-Legal Autopsy
  4. Fetal Autopsy
  5. Study of Embryos or other gestational material
  6. Study of Placenta
  7. Ancillary Diagnostic Methods (microbiology, genetics, …)
  8. Material and Equipment
  9. Logistics and Organization in an Autopsy Room / Pathology Laboratory
  10. Hygiene and security Rules
  11. Quality Control
  12. Basic Legislation
THEORETICAL-PRACTICAL CLASSES
 
The anatomo-clinical autopsy
Hygiene and safety in the autopsy room.
Evaluation of the external habit.
Evaluation of the internal habit: the cranial cavity and evisceration of the brain.
Evaluation of the internal habit: dissection of the encephalon and meninges; evisceration and dissection of the organs of the neck
Evaluation of the internal habit: the thoracic cavity and evisceration of the thoracic organs.
Evaluation of the internal habit: dissection of the heart; different methods.
Evaluation of the internal habit: dissection of the lungs; docimasia technique;
Evaluation of the internal habit: the abdominal cavity and evisceration of the abdominal organs.
Evaluation of the internal habit: dissection of the stomach, pancreas and duodenum.
Evaluation of the internal habit: dissection of the liver and bile ducts
Evaluation of the internal habit: dissection of the kidneys, ureters, bladder and reproductive organs
Autopsy of the ráquis and other special techniques
 
Suggested Bibliography:
  • Bancroft J & Gamble M (2002) Theory and Practice of Histological Techniques, 5th ed. London: Churchill Livingstone.
  • Calabuig JAG (2001) Medicina Legal y Toxicologia, 5ª ed., Barcelona: Masson.
  • Carson Freida (2000) Histotechnology: A Self-Instrumentation Text, 2ª ed., American Society Clinical Pathology.
  • Connolly AJ et al (2015) Autopsy Pathology: A Manual and Atlas, 3rd ed., Elsevier.
  • Kumar V, Abbas AK and Aster J (2012) Robbins Basic Pathology, 9th ed., Saunders Elsevier.